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What Is Pinene?

What Is Pinene?

What is Pinene?

what is pinene

Pinene is one of the major terpenes found in cannabis. There two kinds of pinene: alpha-pinene, and beta-pinene. This terpene gets its name from, well, the aroma of pine trees. This terpene is responsible for that delicious scent similar to that of pine and fir, and is also found in many strains of cannabis. But aside from lending an aromatic smell to strains, pinene also has several health benefits.

In fact, the health benefits of pinene have been known for centuries. Ancient civilizations would strip barks of pine trees and puncture them just to collect the resin, which contained valuable amounts of pinene. They distilled the resin in water, creating a substance called turpentine. This was used to treat a variety of conditions, and was even diluted in wine, milk, or water to treat respiratory conditions. It was also used as an expectorant back then. Other ancient uses of pinene included mixing it with bee’s wax or another animal’s fat, in order to apply it topically as an antimicrobial agent or analgesic.

Indigenous tribes including those in America have been using pine needles for hundreds of years. They would also make it into a tea to help relieve sore throats, fevers, colds, lung infections, and congestions. Today, many of these tribes still use pine in their purifying rituals because of its amazing healing properties. 

Pinene is found in many other plants as well including both conifer and non-coniferous plants. Pinene is most abundant in pine wood, roseary, balsamic resin, and in certain citrus fruits.

Health Benefits of Pinene

PINENE TERPENES

Pinene has significant health benefits for cannabis users. These include:

  • Bronchodilator: Cannabis strains that are high in pinene have shown to be effective in helping to open up the airways of the respiratory system, which makes it beneficial for those who are suffering from asthma as well as other respiratory illnesses. Researchers also suggest that pinene may be beneficial as treatment for people who are exposed to toxins and chemicals in their work environment, such as those who work in industrial cleanups.
  • Lung protection: Studies also show that pinene is helpful in protecting the lungs from certain viral infections. One study showed that the molecules in different varieties of pinene were beneficial in preventing the spread of the bronchitis virus. The study’s researchers also concluded that pinene could be an effective natural remedy against the bronchitis virus.
  • Cancer: Studies also show that pinene may be promising in reducing tumors from hepatoma cells. It has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine for its anti-cancer properties when extracted from pine needle oil. In 2013, a study revealed that pinene was effective in inhibiting the spread of cancerous cells.
  • Alertness and memory: Strains that have high levels of pinene can help improve mental alertness as well as memory retention, thanks to its piney smell (this is also the same reason why pinene in essential oils are used to keep one alert and awake.) Additionally, the molecular size of pinene makes it easy for this terpene to enter the blood-brain barrier, where it acts to inhibit an enzyme called acetylcholinesterase and as a result it improves memory retention.
  • Anti-microbial: Pinene has long been known to have anti-bacterial properties, although it’s only been thoroughly analyzed more in the last few years. A 2007 study analyzing pinene’s ability to treat infectios endocarditis found that both versions of the terpene, the alpha and beta pinene, were effective in killing bacteria. Another study conducted in 2012 showed that pinene has therapeutic properties in killing bacteria, depending on the type of bacteria present.
  • Inflammation: Studies show that pinene has powerful anti-inflammatory properties, another important reason why cannabis is extremely powerful in preventing and treating cancers and tumors as well as numerous other conditions that are caused by inflammation. A 2014 study also showed that because pinene displays powerful anti-inflammatory properties that it may help with arthritis.
  • Depression: Cannabis strains as well as essential oils that contain pinene have been shown to have effective antidepressant properties. For this reason, oils with pinene have been used to treat depression, as part of traditional Mexican medicine.

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Published at Thu, 08 Jun 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Posted in News

Fed appeals court quashes bids to unravel Colorado marijuana laws, but door still open for RICO suits

Fed appeals court quashes bids to unravel Colorado marijuana laws, but door still open for RICO suits

A three-judge panel for the 10th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver on Wednesday largely upheld lower courts’ dismissals of several cases seeking to overturn major parts of Colorado’s marijuana laws, including efforts by two neighboring states.

The appeals court panel did, however, reverse a district court decision against a Pueblo-area ranch that sued a neighboring cultivation facility, claiming noxious odors and diminished property values. In remanding that case to district court, the judges left the door open for something that legal experts and case attorneys say could rattle the legal marijuana industry: that private-property owners could potentially bring federal racketeering claims against neighboring marijuana grows and dispensaries.

“This is basically a road map for people who own property that is near (a marijuana facility) … for how to bring a federal suit to get relief,” said Brian W. Barnes, an attorney for plaintiff Safe Streets Alliance, a Washington, D.C.-based anti-drug and anti-crime organization that took up the cause of Michael P. Reilly and Phillis Windy Hope Reilly, the owners of the Pueblo ranch.

The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, frequently implemented in cases to combat organized crime and white-collar crime, also allows for private individuals to sue “racketeers” who allegedly damage a business or property.

The judges ruled that private landowners, law enforcement officers and neighboring states that claimed harm from cannabis legalization cannot use the federal Controlled Substances Act to challenge Colorado’s legal recreational marijuana regime. The judges also closed the door on Nebraska and Oklahoma’s pushes to intervene in the case after their similarly directed complaints to the U.S. Supreme Court were denied a hearing.

Despite the ruling against private citizens claiming there is federal preemption of state law, Barnes called Wednesday’s decision a “huge victory” for his clients as well as people opposed to the marijuana industry in Colorado. If successful in district court, his clients could be eligible to receive up to three times the claimed financial damages, have attorneys’ fees reimbursed, and have the court shut down the offending operation, he said.

In their 90-page opinion, the judges did appear to express caution and set boundaries on any potential future claims, stating:

We are not suggesting that every private citizen purportedly aggrieved by another person, a group, or an enterprise that is manufacturing, distributing, selling, or using marijuana may pursue a claim under RICO. Nor are we implying that every person tangentially injured in his business or property by such activities has a viable RICO claim. Rather, we hold only that the Reillys alleged sufficient facts to plausibly establish the requisite elements of their claims against the Marijuana Growers here. The Reillys therefore must be permitted to attempt to prove their RICO claims.

Even with that bit of couching, the court’s ruling could provide an opening for neighbors to sue for damages and seek financial relief, said Christopher Jackson, a Denver-based attorney for the Sherman & Howard firm who is not a party to the case.

“The court is limiting its application, but I still think that you’re going to see a ton more lawsuits citing this case,” he said.

Matthew W. Buck, an attorney representing the marijuana growers sued by the ranch, said via email that the Reillys “will have a difficult time proving that marijuana diminished their property value, or any property in Colorado,” claiming that the presence of the facility has increased surrounding property values. Buck also argued that the Reillys’ land is agricultural, and thus smells like agricultural processes, adding that “my clients did not complain when odors of manure wafted onto their delicious marijuana crop.”

“We will vigorously fight this case should the Reillys … choose to pursue it in the District of Colorado,” Buck wrote. “We found the claims not meritorious initially, the District Court agreed, and it will be up to a jury of Colorado voters to see whether they think D.C. special interest groups should meddle in Colorado citizens’ right to self-govern.”

The appeals raised four principal disputes that stemmed from the conflict between Colorado’s allowance of recreational marijuana and the federal Controlled Substances Act, which holds that marijuana possession, manufacturing, sale and cultivation are illegal, the judges wrote in the filing.

The judges didn’t rule on whether the U.S. Constitution’s Supremacy Clause would indeed preempt Colorado’s marijuana laws and other state-enacted legal cannabis statues, but rather that private citizens in this case didn’t have the appropriate standing to raise those claims, Jackson said.

“I think it’s unlikely that we’ll see a federal court striking down Amendment 64 in its entirety,” Jackson said, referencing Colorado’s voter-approved 2012 measure legalizing and regulating adult-use marijuana. “I don’t think there’s any kind of a procedural vehicle to do that anymore.”

Safe Streets’ Barnes countered that this ruling wouldn’t necessarily stop the U.S. Department of Justice from bringing a preemption suit against Colorado, especially considering the new administration in Washington, D.C.

“Whether or not a private plaintiff can sue on a preemption hearing, it doesn’t necessarily mean there aren’t going to be preemption lawsuits in the future,” he said.

The biggest takeaway from Wednesday’s ruling is that local and county governments are protected, said Tom Downey, a former state business licensing regulator who now is an attorney specializing in legal cannabis issues with Denver’s Ireland Stapleton Pryor & Pascoe, P.C.

“When I was the regulator in Denver, I worried about signing marijuana licenses,” Downey said via email. “These RICO suits have been a big concern for small, local jurisdictions particularly. You’ll hear a collective sigh of relief from counties and municipalities with this opinion, as well as from Colorado and other state governments.”

Colorado Marijuana Lawsuit – 10th Circuit Court of Appeals

Colorado Marijuana Lawsuit – 10th Circuit Court of Appeals (Text)

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Published at Wed, 07 Jun 2017 22:09:02 +0000

Posted in News

After years of lobbying by veterans, Colorado adds PTSD as medical marijuana condition

After years of lobbying by veterans, Colorado adds PTSD as medical marijuana condition

Post-traumatic stress disorder is now a qualifying condition for doctor-recommended medical marijuana in Colorado.

Gov. John Hickenlooper on Monday signed Senate Bill 17 into law. The act opens the doors for Colorado residents to receive a doctor’s OK to use medical marijuana in the treatment of PTSD symptoms.

Colorado doctors could begin to make those PTSD-specific recommendations in as early as a week — or enough time to provide for the state’s information technology office to update the forms, said Dr. Larry Wolk, executive director and chief medical officer for the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.

It’s the first new qualifying condition added under the state’s medical marijuana law since it was implemented in 2001. The state’s eight other qualifying conditions are: cancer, glaucoma, HIV or AIDS, cachexia, persistent muscle spasms, seizures, severe nausea, and severe pain.

The inclusion of PTSD among Colorado’s medical marijuana qualifying conditions has been a hotly contested issue of recent years.

Coordinated bids led by veterans groups and supported by residents with PTSD fell short as the Colorado Board of Health quashed requests for PTSD’s inclusion. Legislative measures languished in the General Assembly.

The Colorado Board of Health has not added any new qualifying conditions since the medical marijuana law’s inception, citing lack of “peer-reviewed published studies of randomized controlled trials or well-designed observational studies showing efficacy in humans,” officials have previously told The Cannabist.

After the Board of Health’s most recent denial of the proposed addition of PTSD, proponents filed suit against the state. That case is pending in Colorado Appeals Court.

Proponents have argued that it’s not cost-effective for adults with PTSD to purchase recreational marijuana as a potential treatment for their ailments, adding that there is limited availability of suitable marijuana products — heavy in the non-psychoactive compound cannabidiol (CBD) and low in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — that have been claimed effective for symptoms such as anxiety, nightmares and pain. Separately, advocates for military veterans say those individuals are at risk of losing their benefits if they use recreational marijuana.

Members of Colorado’s medical and psychiatric communities have expressed concern about the inclusion of PTSD as a qualifying condition, calling for more qualified research on the potential benefits and harms of using the product to treat aspects of a complex psychological condition.

As Senate Bill 17 moved through the legislature, those concerns were directed primarily toward the allowance of medical marijuana for children and teens diagnosed with PTSD.

The bill was amended to include a stipulation that one of the two recommending physicians required for patients under the age of 18 be a pediatrician, board-certified family physician or board-certified child and adolescent psychiatrist who is part of the family’s medical care plan.

This story is developing and will be updated.

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Published at Tue, 06 Jun 2017 14:45:59 +0000

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Medical Marijuana Expansion Bill Delivered to Vermont Governor

Medical Marijuana Expansion Bill Delivered to Vermont Governor

Legislation to expand Vermont’s medical marijuana program – including making PTSD, Crohn’s disease and Parkinson’s disease qualifying conditions – has been delivered to Governor Phil Scott.

Senate Bill 16 was given approval by both the House of Representatives and Senate last month, and on Friday it was officially delivered to Governor Phil Scott. Governor Scott now has the option of signing it into law, allowing it to become law without his signature, or vetoing it as he recently did with a bill that would have made Vermont the ninth state to legalize marijuana for recreational purposes.

Senate Bill 16 would double the number of medical cannabis dispensaries in the state from four to eight, increase the amount of cannabis a patient can possess to three ounces, allow patients to grow cannabis at home even when they have a designated dispensary, and would expand the list of qualifying medical cannabis conditions to include post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Crohn’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

In addition, the bill would allow dispensaries to advertise, waves the three-month patient-health care professional relationship requirement “when the patient is referred to a specialist who completes a full examination and signs the medical verification form”, allows patients and caregivers to cultivate cannabis at home even if they have a designated dispensary, allows dispensaries to become for-profit, and requires the Agency of Agriculture, Food and Markets to “independently test marijuana-infused edible or potable products sold by a dispensary to ensure the appropriate labeling of the tetraydrocannabinol content.”

For more information on the bill, including its full text, click here.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

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Published at Mon, 05 Jun 2017 16:34:51 +0000

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Fighting the Heroin Epidemic with Cannabis

Fighting the Heroin Epidemic with Cannabis

Fighting the Heroin Epidemic with Cannabis

HEROIN CANNABIS

The Heroin Epidemic is all the rage these days. Where Cannabis used to be the “devil”, heroin is making a comeback and it seems that the US is struggling to keep up. However, cannabis could very well be a viable solution in reducing the effects of the heroin epidemic in the US.

Before we get into all the nitty-gritty of the article, we must understand why there has been a rise in heroin usage over the past few years.

heroin

The Rise of Heroin

There is a direct correlation between illegal heroin usage and prescription drugs. As more painkillers are being prescribed each and every year, we can see heroin use rise as well. Drugs like OxyContin is essentially refined heroin. It’s better than the shit you find on the street.

One study found that 86% of Heroin users started with prescription drugs and moved onto heroin once they were cut off legally from their supply. Now talk about a “Gateway Theory!”

The rise of prescription opioids has resulted in a spike in opioid related overdoses and fatalities, but you won’t hear about that on your local news channel. Nay, these stories are kept under wrap so that Big Pharma can continue to peddle their drugs without any real competition from other drugs.

Why is it that 86% of heroin users started with prescription drugs? Well, the story goes as follows:

Joe Schmoe got into a car accident and hurt his back. He goes to his physician who in turn prescribes him a powerful painkiller to help “cope with the pain”. All is good for poor old Joe from that moment on. That is until he is done with his legal prescription of painkillers.

Seeing that between 23%-30% of heroin users become addicted, Joe had a 1 in five chance to become addicted from his physician prescribed drugs. Sadly, Joe became addicted but now has a new problem…where to find more Oxy!

Joe starts looking around until he finds a cheaper alternative that you don’t need a prescription for….heroin! Joe was nervous in buying his heroin the first time, but since his body had a flaming monkey riding on his back, he trucked on through and bought it.

Bliss! Joe felt the sweet release of heroin and no longer had those horrible cravings (for the time being). Once the high runs out and sub-sequentially his stash, Joe needs to pick up some more heroin. Before you know it, Joe is a full blown heroin addict and there is not a lot he can do about it.

cannabis plants

How Cannabis can help with the Heroin Problem

In states that have legalized marijuana, there has been a 25% reduction of opioid related overdoses. Not to mention, A University of Michigan study found that patients treating chronic pain with marijuana reduced their reliance on prescription pain medication by 64%.

Not only are we seeing that many patients prefer using cannabis, which has an LD-50 of about 1:20,000 and 1:40,000 (meaning you need to smoke like 1500 lbs of weed to induce a lethal dose [In about 15 minutes]), we can see physical evidence that suggest that people are doing just that.

25% reduction in opioid related overdoses is a significant finding. That means out of a 100 potential deaths, 25 are now alive due to the fact that cannabis was there to help them through their pain management issues.

Once legalized, Cannabis will be easier to obtain and seeing that only 9% of the cannabis population develop some sort of “dependency” on weed, compared to the 23%-30% of heroin, it’s a smart choice in combating the heroin epidemic.

It’s easier to quit weed (if you’re not a smoker) than it is to quit heroin. Quitting cannabis is like stopping to drink coffee. Sure, you’ll have a day or two where you will be groggy and quite frankly, a bit of an asshole, but that’s about it.

Similarly, with cannabis, you might go through a day or two of not feeling “swell”, but you’ll quickly get through this with no physical side-effects to deal with.

However, try quitting heroin cold-turkey and you might wind up dead. Heroin withdrawal is severe and painful in its own rite. Cannabis may very well be the stepping stone to full sobriety (if that’s what you’re into).

Don’t be a Dope, Legalize Hope!

legalize marijuana

You see, for people who have the unfortunate task of kicking a pharma-induced heroin addiction, giving them the option to smoke weed or eat some powerful edibles might very well be the way for them to get off drugs entirely. I’ll talk about the harm reduction strategies in another article.

Non-addicts see addicts as “you got yourself into this situation”, however as we saw that 86% of them started with prescription drugs we can understand that it’s not entirely their fault. In fact, the more regulations you place on prescription painkillers, the higher the surge in heroin usage.

You see, when a doctor prescribes Oxy or something similar, they don’t have a “wean off strategy” meaning that they legally create addicts who ‘when the government cuts off their supply’ is forced to find it elsewhere. And what better place than the streets?

Cannabis is not a solve-all, however when looking at the statistics in relation to the heroin epidemic…it could be a viable solution to a serious problem.

 

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Published at Sat, 03 Jun 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Posted in News

DEA: Gang that sold millions worth of Colorado-grown weed outside state not unusual

DEA: Gang that sold millions worth of Colorado-grown weed outside state not unusual

Michael Stonehouse planned to build a close-knit community whose members would hold prayer meetings once a week — presumably when they weren’t growing and packaging hundreds of pounds of pot each month.

But the kumbaya dream ended in the arrest of Stonehouse, 53, and 15 others on March 16.

The Stonehouse operation was selling millions of dollars worth of pot across state lines, reaping profits higher than they could hope to earn doing legitimate business in Colorado, investigators say.

The operation wasn’t that unusual in Colorado, where law breakers are hiding in plain sight as they grow high-quality pot and ship it to states where weed remains illegal.

In 2015, the Colorado State Patrol made 394 seizures of Colorado pot that was destined for 36 different states, according to a 2016 report by the Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, which tracks the impact of marijuana legalization in Colorado.

“They get appropriate paperwork, but they are going to grow as much as they can and all of the excess is going out of state,” Denver Drug Enforcement Administration spokesman James Gothe said.

Colorado’s legal marijuana businesses follow a dense thicket of regulations designed to shut out black-market sales. Growing facilities, dispensaries and retail shops all require separate licenses and tight record keeping.

Marijuana plants must be tracked digitally from seed to sale, and tags using radio frequency identification technology must be attached to all viable plants over 8 inches tall, said Robert Goulding, spokesman for the Colorado Department of Revenue’s Marijuana Enforcement Division. “Any time it moves, is sold, destroyed or weighed, that information is updated in an inventory trafficking system.”

Documents related to the Stonehouse arrests allege that the group had some of the necessary documentation, but were brazenly violating the law.

The ring was growing, packaging, and distributing, marijuana from locations in Denver, Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert and El Paso counties.

One 39,000-square-foot warehouse in Denver’s Stapleton neighborhood was licensed to grow plants, according to the documents. Half of 1,000 plants growing there were RFID tagged, but there was no record that any of the weed harvested at the site was legally sold or distributed.

“The warehouse on East 37th Street in Denver had been inspected by the state in an effort to appear to be in compliance with state laws, but we’re not aware of any other locations that had been inspected,” said Paul Roach, supervisor of the DEA’s financial investigations team in Denver.

Eight of those indicted are listed in Colorado records as having active or expired licenses to work in the legal pot business. But Stonehouse, the group’s leader, wasn’t licensed to own any marijuana business in the state, Goulding said.

In reality, none of the plants Stonehouse grew were legal, Roach said.

“The Stonehouse organization had many licenses,” he said, “but that was likely just to present the appearance of compliance with Colorado law.”

The investigation began in August, when Elbert County deputies and building inspectors asked 18th Judicial District Attorney’s Office investigators attached to a DEA drug task force to take a look at a marijuana grow in Elizabeth.

On Aug. 25, investigators went to the equine property on County Road 13, called the “farm” by the Stonehouse ring, and found eight dome-shaped tents covered with heavy plastic and packed with marijuana plants.

Building inspectors had previously told Stonehouse that the first of the makeshift greenhouses he had erected at the property was in violation of building codes. By Aug. 25, he had built seven more hoop houses, each one 100-yards long, and 20-yards wide.

“Each greenhouse had tomato plants situated just inside and across the opening of the structure as if to disguise the grow as a tomato cultivation site,” according to the documents.

Stonehouse provided copies of medical marijuana patient registrations and physician recommendations for some of the pot.

On Sept. 26, an Elbert County SWAT team, and DEA task force officers raided the property and seized marijuana valued at $5 million.

Two days later, an agent met with a confidential source who had participated in arranging sales and transport of Stonehouse’s marijuana across state lines.

The seizure kicked off a months-long investigation during which local law enforcement — from Colorado Springs to Denver — worked with the DEA and federal prosecutors on the case.

The Stonehouse operation was homegrown, but there are similar operations scattered throughout the state, some headed by people who came to Colorado from other states where they were illegally growing and selling weed, Roach said.

“They just pick up shop and set up here because it’s legal. They don’t do the growing where they are from, but they keep the distribution network the same,” Roach said.

The most common destinations identified by the Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area report were Missouri, Illinois, Texas, Iowa and Florida.

Mexican pot, once in high demand, has taken a backseat to that grown in Colorado, Roach said. The state’s indoor grows offer superior conditions for cultivation, and “produce a higher quality.”

The Stonehouse group’s wheeling and dealing included a money laundering operation that ran illegal cash through shell businesses and a legitimate food truck, Dos Locos Mexican Food, Roach said.

Stonehouse also told the confidential source that he kept Kuwaiti money that he used to buy property and equipment for the operation, according to the documents.

Piles of money changed hands. Roach said that in some markets outside the state, Stonehouse was able to get $3,500 for a pound of weed, that would bring between $1,500 and $2,000 on Colorado’s legal market.

He neither reported nor paid taxes associated with cultivating, or distributing, pot.

Stonehouse told the confidential source:

  • That Vincent Castillo, 34, one of the mules who drove weed and cash to and from drops throughout the country, was making $40,000 a month.
  • Stonehouse could move up to 400 pounds per-week of “the right stuff.”
  • In a statement suggesting that he had an eye on markets where he didn’t deal, he said that he had heard buyers paid $4,500 per pound in New York City and Atlanta.
  • Between January 2014, and December, Stonehouse deposited more than $1 million in cash into accounts he controlled in the name of a variety of shell businesses.

Stonehouse told the source that he learned how to grow marijuana by watching YouTube videos and started the business with a $20,000 investment. The monthly cost of running an operation, which included making and selling hash oil, was $220,000.

Hash oil, a form of concentrated THC, is extracted from marijuana trimmings using highly flammable, liquid butane, and its manufacture has resulted in numerous explosions.

The ring made the hash oil on the second floor of a riding barn on the Elizabeth property. Stonehouse was aware of the danger, telling the confidential source that butane could explode “like a big bomb.”

The source responded that the man making hash oil in the barn, “shouldn’t light up a bowl right by it.”

Stonehouse replied that he would tell the man wait until he was done with work to get high.

Calls that law enforcement intercepted between Stonehouse and others suggest that he either enjoyed talking tough, or wouldn’t flinch at violence.

In one call, he “said he is going to employ a sniper on the ranch, and if (law enforcement) showed up like they did last time, that he would have people stand on the side of the fence with M-16s.”

In another, he said “he wanted to make sure he wasn’t the only one unloading a clip while everybody else ran.”

In that same phone call, he said that after he and other members of the ring discussed the possibility of gun play, “they had a nice prayer session.”

Rudy Saenz, 62, Stonehouse’s partner, told the informant that “he and Stonehouse need to operate illegally to afford the expenses with the hope of operating a legal marijuana company,” in the future.

But Roach said a desire to build a legal business was little more than a pipe dream. “There was not any indication they were going to go straight.”

Stonehouse is scheduled to be arraigned at 1:30 p.m. on Fridayat the Arapahoe County Justice Center.

This story was first published on DenverPost.com

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Published at Thu, 01 Jun 2017 23:49:55 +0000

Posted in News

Mama P’s Grinder: Build To Last – Expert Review

Mama P’s Grinder: Build To Last – Expert Review

Can I be honest with you? 

The best vaping experience doesn’t just come from your vaporizer.

You’ve heard the advice a million times,

You need to have the right accessories to get the best vaping experience.

If you are tired of making a mess when prepping your herbs, it’s time that you explore the Mama P’s Grinder.

Mama P is a brand known for its high-quality grinders that you can use for your vaping needs.

The company is a five-time cannabis cup winner and is popular for their award-winning products.

Mama P’s classic grinder received the 1st place for Best New Product at the High Times Cannabis Cup in Detroit in 2012.

Not only are Mama P’s grinders popular among random recreational cannabis users, their innovative products have also received praises from the medical community as well.

They’ve won the 2012 Los Angeles Medical Cannabis Cup for the Mama P’s Wholesome Grinder.

Apart from the different grinders, they are also known for other cannabis related products.

They are the makers of the first only magnetic lighter. They also have water pipes, and pollen presses to name a few. What this means is that they have the ability to create out-of-the-box ideas using high-quality materials and craftsmanship.

Mama P is one of the brands that still manufacture their products in the US.

In fact,

They inspect each product no less than 10 times before it reaches circulation. Considered even by connoisseurs as one of the top companies in the US, Mama P implements top-notch materials on all of their grinders such using 100% aircraft grade aluminum on their products.

They also made it a practice to make use of a 60-micron titanium screen that ensures uniform sized herbs to pass through once the herbs have been churned by the grinders’ teeth.

The Good

There are a lot of positive things that can be said about Mama P’s as a company.

In today’s day and age wherein companies would most likely purchase from Alibaba and rebrand these items as their own product, Mama P took the effort to do their own research and build their grinders in the US.

And for this reason, they’ve been able to provide high-quality products above the usual products that you would see in the market.

They are also known for providing products that are known for their durability.

They’ve made products with high-quality materials including aircraft grade aluminum that can withstand a good amount of grinding sessions.

Also, Mama P specifically made their screen replaceable and easy to clean. Made not of your typical stainless material but of titanium, you can take it out whenever it already becomes messy.

And if you are the type who is taking cannabis for medical reasons, might as well pair your high-end vaporizer with a Mama P’s grinder.

The Bad

There are not a lot of bad things that we can say to a multi-awarded company that brought us some of the best grinders in the business.

So what are the things that customers usually don’t like about Mama P’s grinders?

If there is anything that the company can improve on, let’s take a closer look at the price. Yes, their grinders are more expensive than your average grinders.

However, let’s admit that you pay for what you get.

As a multi-awarding company that produces grinders that can surpass any of its competitors, you just can’t expect anything cheap from this company.

Design and Performance

Classy, durable, and efficient are just some of the things that can describe the usual Mama P products that you see in the market. The design of each grinder is known for its durability given that the company made use of the very same aluminum used on aircraft. It is said to have all the elements of what an all American made product is all about.

In terms of its performance, it offers precision by providing the right sized herbs for each user.

And if you think that they are simply offering the usual herb grinders, they also have the likes of a 1-inch mini herb grinder. It can even be placed on your neck and fit your fashion statement.

If you are a fan of making the most out of your herb, Mama P doesn’t disappoint. The four piece grinders made by the company also has high-quality stainless steel mesh that allows you to maximize the kief for later use. It has 60-micron holes in order to make sure that only the finest excess goes into the compartment where the kief is stored.

Sharp diamond shaped teeth can efficiently grind down the herbs into small pieces. And as long as you are placing the ideal amount of herbs on the grinders, you can expect nothing but the high-quality output from Mama P grinders.

Maintenance

Maintenance is another thing that you will love about the medical grade Mama P grinders. Aluminum is not only a great option if you like grinders that can last the usual wear and tear; it is also an easy to clean material that guarantees the clean herbs for every session.

You can also remove the titanium screen for easy cleaning. And if it is time to replace the screen, you can easily get a new one preventing you from changing the entire grinder.

Different Types of Mama P’s Grinder

Mama P’s Classic Herb Grinder

The Classic Herb Grinder by Mama P is probably the most popular product that came from the company.

This product is a four stage herbal grinder that gives you the chance to enjoy not only the herbs that have been grounded but also the kief.

It offers an easy to clean and durable material that you can use for years.

In terms of performance, it is also easy to use the grinder. It is best known for its ergonomic design and even praised by people in the medical cannabis industry. It was made to function with minimal friction that caters to users that have mobility concerns.

The 60-micron screen filter made of titanium is also what makes the product a great choice. You can easily get a new one for this screen if it already needs replacement due to wear and tear.

Mama P’s Custom Two Color Herb Grinder

If you prefer grinders that are out of the ordinary, Mama P’s Custom Two Color Herb grinder is probably the best option that you can go for. It offers a chance for users to express their personality with these hand painted grinders. According to Mama P, this makes no two Custom Two Color Herb Grinders have the same design.

It isn’t just about the looks. It has been viewed by some of the most respected figures in the vaping industry including High Times Magazine and was even dubbed as the “world’s best grinder, period”.

The Neodymium magnets is a cool feature that holds the herbs in place, to make sure that everything is air tight inside the unit.

There are few interesting features that you rarely see from the other products:

It has an ashtray that can hold a pipe and Lighter mate lighter.

It also offers replaceable titanium screen. Making sure that you can simply get a new screen once it has been ruined or gets funky from regular use. And because of Mama P’s confidence to its product, it has a lifetime warranty.

Mama P’s Exclusive Color Herb Grinder

Mama P’s Exclusive Color Herb Grinder is another stand out product from the company. For starters, it makes use of the same aluminum used on aircraft. Similar to Custom two Color Herb Grinders, this product also has room for a pipe or a Lighter mate lighter.

It also offers smooth grinding operations and a removable titanium filter.

This filter can come in handy in its maintenance or when having a new screen.

And if you opt to use the herb grinder as your herb container they cover it too.

You can rest assure that its magnet can keep the materials air tight to maintain maximum freshness.

Final Verdict

In terms of reputation and products in the market, Mama P is undeniably among the best out there.

They provide the best grinders that caught the attention of vape enthusiast and even by medical cannabis industry users.

It says a lot that they have won many prestigious awards given to exceptional products for the medical cannabis niche.

Mama P Grinder is the perfect product if you are looking for:

  • An all American-made product
  • Great quality
  • Can produce the best results.

Unfortunately, their items don’t come cheap.

But is it really worth it?

If you are the type of vaping enthusiast who prefers the cleanest vape experience, consider their products as a good investment that can last for years.


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Published at Thu, 01 Jun 2017 12:59:12 +0000

Posted in News

American Legion calls on Trump to take cannabis off Schedule I to help vets

American Legion calls on Trump to take cannabis off Schedule I to help vets

America’s largest veterans service organization has a message for President Donald Trump: Reschedule marijuana to permit research into its medical efficacy for treating vets suffering from traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic stress disorder.

The appeal by the American Legion was included in a letter sent to the White House last month. The letter requests a meeting with Trump to discuss critical veterans’ issues including opiate addiction and suicide, and calls on the Trump administration to “clear the way for clinical research in the cutting edge areas of cannabinoid receptor research,” according to portions of the draft letter shared with The Cannabist.

“It’s time the federal government took action to remove barriers to scientific research on this very important subject,” said Joe Plenzler, American Legion Director of Media Relations, in an email to The Cannabist.

Under the Controlled Substances Act, cannabis is listed alongside heroin, LSD and ecstasy as a Schedule I substance — the strictest of classifications, defined as having a high potential for abuse and no “currently accepted medical use.”

The American Legion’s request is an attempt to extricate the federal government from a “policy Catch 22,” said Louis Celli, the organization’s national director of veterans affairs and rehabilitation.

“On one hand the government claims that there is no federally approved scientific evidence to support cannabis being used in a medical environment, so they refuse to consider reclassifying it,” he said via email. “And on the other hand they refuse to permit scientific research because it’s a Schedule 1 substance.”

American Legion officials stress that they are not advocating for marijuana legalization.

“Rather we are advocating for re-scheduling so that more research can be done,” said Plenzler. “That (research) will enable our elected leaders and the American people to have a national discussion on the matter based on scientific evidence.”

The American Legion has received feedback from many veterans who report access to medical cannabis has been “effective” in helping them cope with issues such as traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Plenzler said. He called those afflictions “the signature wounds of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.”

“Some veterans have told me that access to cannabis is the very reason they are alive today,” he said. “Others have told me that they have been able to come off of every other pharmaceutical that they have been prescribed. Certainly, this is anecdotal evidence, but it is compelling.”

The American Legion’s request that marijuana be reclassified doesn’t come as a complete surprise. At its national convention last August, the group passed a resolution urging the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to license privately-funded U.S. medical marijuana production operations to enable “safe and efficient cannabis drug development research.” The resolution also calls on Congress “to remove marijuana from Schedule I and reclassify in a category that, at a minimum, will recognize cannabis as a drug with potential medical value.”

Last December, Legion officials met with then President-elect Trump’s transition team to lay out top priorities, including the reclassification of marijuana so that quantifiable medical research can be conducted.

In addition to the American Legion’s advocacy, there are efforts underway in Congress to allow veterans safe access to medical marijuana in states where it is legal. The Veterans Equal Access Act, introduced in the House of Representatives earlier this year by Rep. Earl Blumenauer, D-Oregon, would authorize Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care providers to give recommendations and opinions to veterans regarding participation in state marijuana programs.

The VA states on its website that while some states have approved the use of marijuana for medical and/or recreational use, the department is “required to follow all federal laws” regarding cannabis.

Veterans taking part in state medical marijuana programs should therefore be aware, the website states, that while they won’t be denied access to VA healthcare, the VA doctors and clinical staff will “record marijuana use in the Veterans VA medical record along with its impact on the Veterans treatment plan.”

Among the groups supporting the American Legion’s call to advance research on medical marijuana is the newly-formed Veterans Cannabis Project, a nonprofit organization educating veterans on the benefits of medical marijuana while also promoting cannabis industry career opportunities available to them.

“Medical marijuana is a political issue. It is a legal issue. But most important, it is a health issue that is playing an increasingly significant role in the quality of life for America’s veterans,” said Nick Etten, the group’s executive director and a former Navy Seal, in an email. “In their request to seek support from the president to clear the way for expanded clinical research of cannabis, the American Legion is once again demonstrating, as their membership consistently has for almost 100 years, the leadership required to ensure that neither partisan politics nor failed policy will impede safe and effective treatment options for those who have served us.”

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Published at Mon, 22 May 2017 22:07:38 +0000

Posted in News

Report: Medical marijuana could poach more than $4B from pharma sales annually

Report: Medical marijuana could poach more than $4B from pharma sales annually

If the United States legalized medical marijuana for conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety and seizures, cannabis could siphon more than $4 billion annually from the nation’s pharmaceutical industry, a new study hypothesizes.

The report expected to be released Wednesday by New Frontier Data, a provider of data and analytics to cannabis businesses, is intended to show how cannabis could disrupt pharmaceutical sales in nine key treatment areas.

“Any opportunity for alternatives that could result in reduced pharmaceutical drug use might present a compelling point of discussion from a public policy standpoint,” said John Kagia, executive vice president of industry analytics for the Washington, D.C.-based New Frontier.

With the backdrop of opioid use concerns and the simmering debates on health care reform and marijuana legalization, Kagia and fellow analysts sought to explore the idea of pharmaceutical substitution — people eschewing prescription drugs and using medical marijuana to treat certain ailments.

The foundation of New Frontier’s report is a 2016 study out of the University of Georgia that tracked Medicare Part D spending in states that legalized medical marijuana.

From 2010 to 2013, Medicare prescriptions declined for drugs in which medical marijuana could be an alternative, amounting to annual savings of $165.2 million in 2013, the researchers found. A follow-up report from the same researchers showed that if medical marijuana were legal nationally, taxpayers could save $1.1 billion on Medicaid prescriptions annually, the Washington Post reported.

Kagia extrapolated that research by applying the average prescription decline of 11 percent to annual pharmaceutical spending for the most common medical marijuana qualifying conditions (see chart below). To determine which ailments to analyze, New Frontier reviewed current state medical marijuana laws and the National Academies of Science’s report showing the potential efficacy of medical cannabis in certain conditions. They arrived at the following nine conditions to examine in their study: chronic pain, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleep disorders, anxiety, epilepsy, nerve pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Tourette syndrome and glaucoma.

New Frontier then reviewed market research reports for each condition and mapped out pharmaceutical spending through 2019 — calculating total costs that climbed from $40 billion in 2016 to more than $44 billion in 2019. If cannabis replacement accounted for 11 percent of that total, the annual substitution cost would be $18.5 billion: $4.41 billion in 2016, $4.55 billion in 2017, $4.7 billion in 2018 and $4.86 billion in 2019, according to New Frontier.

Those figures are substantial on their own, but are just a sliver of the U.S. pharmaceutical market, which reported prescription drug spending of $425 billion in 2015, according to IMS Institute for Healthcare Informatics.

“The impact of medical cannabis legalization is not going to be enormously disruptive to the pharmaceutical industry,” Kagia said.

But to certain companies, catering to certain therapies, the effect could be more pronounced, he said.

New Frontier noted specifically Pfizer Inc., which has medications for conditions such as anxiety, epilepsy, glaucoma, depression, anxiety and seizures. The New York-based Pfizer, which had $52.8 billion in sales in 2016, could take a half-billion-dollar hit annually, New Frontier estimated.

Pfizer officials could not be reached for comment Tuesday afternoon.

It’s reasonable to assume that medical marijuana will have an effect on pharmaceutical sales, but estimating that with any precision is a tough task, said Robert Mikos, drug policy expert and law professor at the Vanderbilt University Law School.

“Even if you had legalization overnight, it typically takes a while to get physicians who are comfortable recommending the drug,” he said.

Questions abound as to what national medical marijuana legalization could look like, to what extent Food & Drug Administration regulations are policed, and how established pharmaceutical companies may try to oppose the cannabis market.

“I think there are pharmaceutical companies that are worried about the impact that this could have on their sales,” Mikos said. “Some, rightly or wrongly, complain they’re held to a much higher standard for their products. Their complaint is that you’ve got a movement afoot that is making grandiose and unsubstantiated claims about health benefits, and it’s hard for them to push back against that.”

There have been some instances of pharmaceutical firms opposing state-based legalization movements. Chandler, Ariz.-based Insys Therapeutics, which is developing a synthetic THC drug, ponied up $500,000 in opposition of Arizona’s recreational marijuana measure in 2016.

Others, such as GW Pharmaceuticals, are hoping to capitalize on the potential of medical marijuana.

New Frontier’s math may not ultimately prove exactly true — the impact could be larger or smaller than projected — but the data do point to a trend worth watching, Mikos said.

“If the data are accurate, it does suggest that there’s a significant portion of the population that might benefit from the legalization of medical marijuana,” he said.

Prescription Medication Spending by Condition (USD Billions)

Year Chronic Pain PTSD Sleep Dis-orders Anxiety Epi-lepsy Nerve Pain CINV Tour-ette Synd. Glau-coma Total Cannabis Replace-ment (11% of Total)
2016 $14.28 $10.61 $6.13 $3.41 $2.40 $1.97 $1.01 $0.14 $0.13 $40.09 $4.41
2017 $14.88 $10.72 $6.35 $3.49 $2.52 $2.08 $1.07 $0.14 $0.13 $41.38 $4.55
2018 $15.51 $10.83 $6.58 $3.57 $2.64 $2.21 $1.13 $0.14 $0.14 $42.73 $4.70
2019 $16.16 $10.93 $6.83 $3.66 $2.76 $2.33 $1.20 $0.13 $0.14 $44.14 $4.86

Source: New Frontier Data

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Published at Wed, 24 May 2017 14:19:20 +0000

Posted in News

I Face 40 Years In Jail For Selling Hemp CBD Products

I Face 40 Years In Jail For Selling Hemp CBD Products

On April 5th, 2017, both Tobacco Depot locations in Alexander, and Watford City North Dakota, were raided by law enforcement in search of hemp cbd products.

jail time for cbd

(Cannabis.net asked the store for a fist hand write up of what a police raid looked liked and felt like for CBD hemp products.)

I do not use the word “raided”, lightly. 

Law enforcement from the Watford City Police Department, the McKenzie County Sheriff’s Office, the Williams County Sheriff’s Office, and the North Dakota Bureau of Criminal Investigation, executed search warrants at both locations because they had reason to believe the local smoke shop had been distributing controlled substances.

Upon arriving, police had their firearms drawn, and search warrant in hand. The owner and manager that were there when they arrived, were caught off gaurd by their approach but encouraged the law enforcement to do what ever it was they came there to do. As the police entered the building, it seemed they were simply following protocol. 

Soon after, we realized this was not the case.

Once police had been inside, they attempted to deactivate the security camers in the Alexander shop.

Nevertheless, they failed. However, they DID deactivate the security cameras at the Watford City location. 

Being we have footage from the Alexander location, I feel it is safe to talk about what we all witnessed. So, I’ll break it down for you.

police in dispensary

(picture not from tobacco store)

At one point during the raid, the manager of the store simply asks (and i quote), “May I ask, why you are taking pictures of my personal things?”  His reply made me sick. He says, (and I quote) “I don’t have to answer any questions from you so if you’re going to get an attitude with me, that’s when I’m going to start taking people to jail”

Might I add, the remaining police officers stood in a line by the door, laughing.

After asking what seemed to be a simple question, they wanted to search her vehicle. Another officer picked up her cellphone, tried to unlock it, threw it on the counter and ordered another officer to go get her consent to look throught the cellphone because it had a lock on it.

An officer did speak to her about the cellphone, but not asking for consent. His words exactly, were “i need the password to your phone”

hemp oil

Another thing that was said, was that “Hemp is the same thing as marijuana”

Almost every question asked by the owner followed with “I’ll shut this place down if that’s what you want” by the officers.

The manager was put in a patrol car with threats that she would be arrested.

So now I ask you, is this reasonable behavior?

The report that was released to the public states that the reasoning behind the raid was for selling controlled substances. Nothing more was released to the public. Keep that in mind for a minute.

On May 2nd, 2017, KX News aired a report on CBD oil and the health benefits it contains. They featured Terry’s health store, and the Bisman CO-OP in Bismarck, North Dakota, where they had carried CBD oil. The news encouraged citizens to purchase these CBD products and informed them that it is legal in all 50 states and contains less than .03 percent thc, making it nonpsychoactive.

On May 11th, 2017 another story was aired about the CBD products. Both of the Bismarck businesses had also been raided. 

Now, hear me out. 

When law enforcement approached the Bismarck stores, it was hardly a “raid”. Two detectives spoke to the owners of the businesses and demanded they remove the CBD products from their shelves. They also bought samples of the products for testing.  It was clear that what had happened to them, was for their CBD products.  

 For over a month, the Tobacco Depot has struggled to convince customers and potential customers that what took place at their business was in no way caused by anything other than the CBD products. 

Law enforcement also informed the owner that the business has been under investigation for six months. They also claim that CBD has been illegal since December of 2016. In other words, they were investigating a business for selling CBD , before CBD was “illegal”?

Since I started working at the Tobacco Depot, I have witnessed much discrimination from law enforcement, simply for being employed there. 

My question is, why?

I believe this is abuse of power, and nonetheless, discrimination. 

Terry’s Health and the Bisman CO-OP have shown an outstanding amount of support and love for us here at the Tobacco Depot. My above statements are not to discriminate them in any way. 

Chapter 19-03.1

         UNIFORM CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ACT

19-03.1. Definitions.

18. “Marijuana” means all parts of the plant cannabis whether growing or not; the seeds compound, manufature, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant or its seeds. The  term does NOT include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, maufacture, salt derivative, mixture, or preparation of mature stalks, fiber, oil or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.

Chapter 4-41-01

       INDUSTRIAL HEMP (CANNABIS SATIVA) OILSEED

Industrial hemp having no more than three tenths of one percent of tetrahydrocannabinol is recognized as an oilseed. Any person in this state may plant, grow, harvest, possess, process, sell and buy industrial hemp having no more than three tenths of one percent of tetrahydrocannabinol.

They want to charge him with 40 years in prison for selling CBD .

OTHER STORIES YOU MAY ENJOY…

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LEARN FROM AL CAPONE CANNABIS COPS, CLICK HERE.

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Published at Fri, 19 May 2017 05:00:00 +0000