Berlin Researchers Hope to Recruit 25,000 Marijuana Consumers for Massive Study

Berlin Researchers Hope to Recruit 25,000 Marijuana Consumers for Massive Study

A research initiative is hoping to get approval for a study that would require recruiting 25,000 marijuana consumers in Berlin.

According to The Local, the group called theResearch Initiative on Cannabis Consumption is hoping to get an application for a new study approved so that they can analyze the “consequences of cannabis for psychologically healthy, adult consumers”. The aim is to “understand what effects cannabis use has after several years”, according to the group, which was started by an attorney and a clinical psychology professor at the Medical School Hamburg.

The group reported last week that they submitted an updated application to the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM) for approval.

Germany officially legalized marijuana for medicinal purposes at the beginning of this year, allowing doctors to prescribe their seriously ill patients the drug if they believe it will bring about positive results. However, the research initiative is hoping to examine the effects of recreational use, which remains illegal.

So far 2,000 people have signed up to participate in the study within the first ten weeks of the search. The initiative leaders said that in selecting participants, they will “rule out anyone under 18, first-time pot smokers, as well as anyone with potential addiction or psychiatric problems.”

If the study obtains approval, participants would be allowed to pick up 30 grams of cannabis normally reserved for medical patients each month from a pharmacy.

“In Germany several million people regularly get high on cannabis,” wrote chief executive of the project Marko Dörre in a statement. “It is time that science becomes more engaged with recreational use.”

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

(Why?)

Published at Wed, 26 Apr 2017 19:56:56 +0000

Massachusetts Supreme Court Throws Out Over 21,000 Drug Convictions

Massachusetts Supreme Court Throws Out Over 21,000 Drug Convictions

In the largest dismissal of convictions in U.S. history, Massachusetts has thrown out more than 21,000 drug convictions linked to a former state chemist who admitted to faking test results.

Former state chemist Annie Dookhan.(Photo: David L. Ryan/AP)

The convictions were overturned by the Massachusetts Supreme Court several years after former chemist Annie Dookhan admitted to faking test results in 2013. The court threw out all drug cases where Dookhan was involved, in order to make sure that none of the individuals convicted were done so wrongly. In total, 21,587 convictions were overturned, by far the largest single dismissal of criminal charges in United States history.

According to NPR; “Over the nine years Annie Dookhan worked at the Hinton State Laboratory Institute outside Boston, she admitted to returning positive results on drug evidence she never tested and to sometimes forging co-workers’ signatures.” As the scandal unfolded, hundreds of people were released from prison and hundreds more had their charges dismissed. Dookhan herself was released from prison last April after serving about two and a half years of her three- to five-year sentence.

“Innocent persons were incarcerated,” Justice Carol S. Ball of Suffolk County Superior Court wrote in her 2013 sentencing decision. “Guilty persons have been released to further endanger the public, millions and millions of public dollars are being expended to deal with the chaos Ms. Dookhan created, and the integrity of the criminal justice system has been shaken to the core.”

But the ACLU says it’s not just a single person who is to blame. Kade Crockford of the ACLU writes that the scandal stemmed from a system that is set up to facilitate convictions. Crockford continues, “It was that system that enabled her abuse, covered it up, and then fought to preserve the convictions that stemmed from it.”

NPR’s Tovia Smith reports that on top of the 21,587 convictions tossed Thursday, prosecutors are still seeking to uphold several hundred others, which may also involve tainted evidence.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

(Why?)

Published at Tue, 25 Apr 2017 22:41:30 +0000

HOW TO WIN THE WAR ON DRUGS IN ONE SIMPLE STEP

HOW TO WIN THE WAR ON DRUGS IN ONE SIMPLE STEP

HOW TO WIN THE WAR ON DRUGS IN ONE SIMPLE STEP

war on drugs solutions

On October 1st of 2017, the prohibition of cannabis will turn 80 years old. On October 1st, 1937 the “Marijuana Tax Act” was officially instated, and it became a federal crime to sell, grow or distribute cannabis or hemp in any form.

In 1971, Richard Nixon declared the War on Drugs and militarized the police to hunt down “cannabis users” and other drug users, along with black and brown people (because why not be racist while we’re exercising tyranny?)

Since then, Transnational crime organizations developed and started generating billions annually. The US has spent over one Trillion Dollars on the Drug War and arrested over 20,000,000 people for non-violent drug offenses since the inception of the policy.

What is the purpose of the Drug War?

Before we can look at the solution to the drug war, we must first define the purpose of the drug war. The purpose of every war is to achieve victory over your enemy. Seeing that “drugs” is the enemy in this particular war, once would assume that the purpose of the Drug War is to “rid the world of illegal drugs”.

Once the entire world is “drug free”, the purpose of the Drug War would expire as a consequence. Unfortunately, it is virtually impossible to create a “drug free world” and even more hypocritical seeing that the Pharmaceutical industry is selling, producing and distributing drugs to the world.

So then a better definition of the purpose of the drug war would go more like this; “To Rid the World of unsanctioned drugs through the use of violence, propaganda and deception”. Obviously, this isn’t their official position, but we can read between the lines.

PORTUGAL DECRIMINALIZES DRUGS

What has the Drug War Achieved?

Once we have defined the purpose of the Drug War, we need to see whether any of its initial objectives were met? I mean, after 80 years of marijuana prohibition and 46 years of Drug Warring, the state must have something to show for their inflated budget and high arrest rates?

Unfortunately, it seems that there are more drugs readily available all over the world and the high imprisonment rates did absolutely nothing to “scare off drug dealers and users alike”.

In other words, we’re merely throwing money into a black hole called “the War on Drugs” with absolutely no significant changes to the black market. Sure, you remove one cartel leader, and three more are willing to take up arms and fill the power vacuum.

CHECKLIST

The only real achievements of the drug war is the following;

  1. Made Drugs More Available
  2. Made Drugs Riskier (more dangerous)
  3. Spent more than a Trillion Dollars
  4. Arrested more than 20,000,000 people
  5. Created Transnational Criminal Organizations
  6. Higher Racial Disparities

This obviously is not the original intention of the War on Drugs, however it serves to show us just how miserably it failed.

LEGALIZE CANNABIS

How to Win the Drug War with one Move!

The only real action we can take against the illegal trade of drugs is to legalize it. We can remove the product from the black market and start legally selling, producing and distributing it.

The reason why this is the only real action we can take is simple; regardless of anti-drug laws people will still continue to consume drugs. Drugs have been a part of society since the beginning. Some even attribute the evolution of modern man through the discovery of psychedelics.

Others attribute the dawn of agriculture to crops like hemp, which was the cornerstone of modern society. The only reasonable and logical thing to do is to legalize drugs, tax it and use the money to educate society on proper drug use.

We have now spent more than eight decades trying to eradicate a plant with absolutely no success. There was a time when kids said, “it’s easier to buy weed than alcohol” and they were right.

ECSTACY PILLS

Drug Dealers do not care if you’re twelve or eighteen, all they care about is making money. Thus if a fifteen-year-old asks for weed from a street dealer, the dealer will sell it to him/her without batting an eye. On the flip side, if that same fifteen-year-old wants to buy a bottle of rum, they will be carded at a legal establishment.

More importantly, if thus said drug dealer has other drugs to offer, odds are they’ll drop that piece of information within the transaction similar to how a McDonald’s worker would ask you to “supersize” your order. If our fifteen-year-old in question wanted to buy an ounce of weed, they might walk out with the ounce and a few Mollies, thereby making drugs even more accessible under an illegal scheme.

Within a regulatory system, we would reduce the exposure kids have to other drugs, we’d have a chance to properly educate them on how to correctly use drugs and even turn a profit in the long run.

The bottom-line here folks is that you cannot “win” the war on drugs, it’s a pipe dream and it’s high time we accept that this is failed policy that helps absolutely no one except those who benefit from prohibition, which is a minute portion of society. I’m talking about less than 1% of the world population benefit from prohibition. The rest of us are stuck with the bill, and the price tag is steep.

Instead of outlawing drugs, we should accept that humans like to get high and make a safe system where people can experiment with these mind-bending substances.

Other than this solution, there is no way to “win the war on drugs”.

What’s your take on the situation? 

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Published at Fri, 21 Apr 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Two arrested after gunfire near Denver's 4/20 celebration; no one hurt

Two arrested after gunfire near Denver's 4/20 celebration; no one hurt

A brief gunfire incident occurred early Thursday evening near the annual 4/20 cannabis celebration in downtown Denver.

Police said nobody was hurt, and officers arrested two people soon after at least one shot rang out near 15th Street and Cleveland Place. It was unclear whether the incident was related to the 4/20 festival.

That was the only incident of violence reported during a day that otherwise featured a steady drizzle. Long lines, some over an hour, greeted attendees trying to enter Civic Center for the annual 4/20 cannabis celebration, and the rain didn’t dampen the enthusiasm of most participants.

Related: Crowds (and clouds) roll in for annual 4/20 smoke-in at Denver’s Civic Center

The park was packed with thousands as the annual countdown, Denver’s version of Times Square on New Year’s, ticked down and just about everyone in the crowd toked at the strike of one.

“I just love everyone can get together and legally enjoy marijuana,” said Noah Nellessen, 22, of Denver. “It doesn’t hurt anyone.”

Colorado law, however, prohibits smoking of marijuana in public. On Thursday, at 4:20 p.m., as well as before and after, waves of smoke billowed throughout the park.

Civic Center was fenced off, with police vehicles parked in various spots and lots of officers checking on the fence perimeter from inside looking out.

At one long security line, on the north side of Civic Center, the pace was excruciatingly slow. Security staffers waved wands over people entering, checked bags and did pat-downs on some.

“It’s as long as hell,” said Luis Lara, 21, of Denver, as he queued up behind hundreds in front of him. “Why is there a line to get in anyway?”

One man, who tired of standing in the line as it drizzled rain, bolted. “I’m going to Aurora,” he announced, to little reaction.

One couple, a man and woman, cut in line on the sly. Most people were patient but antsy about getting in by the stroke of 4:20 p.m.

An electric highway sign, set up in front of the Wellington Webb Building, just off 15th Street, flashed the message: “Public Consumption of Cannabis is Prohibited.”

About 4:05 p.m., some people pulled down a long section of fence near the corner of Colfax Avenue and Broadway. Dozens rushed to the spot, running over the downed fence. One person shouted: “This is our freedom.”

About two hours later, at 6 p.m., at least one shot of gunfire was heard a block away, near 15th and Cleveland. Technician Tyrone Campbell, a Denver police spokesman, said witnesses gave officers a description of the people involved and the vehicle they had gotten into as they left the area.

Police quickly found the vehicle, Campbell said, and arrested two people. He did not have any information about the suspects, and he did not know whether they had been attending the 4/20 event.

“We’re going to investigate and see if there was any targeted activity,” he said. “Right now, we’re just happy to have two people in custody.”

Inside the park it was a party atmosphere with music blasting and people dancing in a steady drizzle. Colorful umbrellas, plastic ponchos, dogs on leashes, cellphone photos and video opportunities were abundant.

“Size matters. Get your giant joint!” screamed a vendor selling plastic, 2-foot-long replicas.

Numerous vendors inside tents sold an assortment of items, including glass pipes, clothing and marijuana art. Food vendors in trucks lined West 14th Avenue, just north of the Denver Art Museum and the Denver Public Library, cooking an array of food. Trash littered sections of the park lawn.

“You won’t see this anywhere else in the world, except maybe Amsterdam,” Nellessen said. “It’s beautiful.”

This story was first published on DenverPost.com

(Why?)

Published at Fri, 21 Apr 2017 01:29:54 +0000

Iowa Senate Votes to Legalize Medical Marijuana

Iowa Senate Votes to Legalize Medical Marijuana

A bill to legalize medical marijuana has been passed by Iowa’s Senate.

Senate File 506 was passed Monday with a 45 to 5 vote, sending it to the House of Representatives for consideration. The proposal would drastically expand a state law that allows the medical use of cannabis oil to allow for the possession, use and licensed distribution of cannabis and cannabis products for those with a recommendation from a physician.

“I think this is the right thing to do,” says Senator. Matt McCoy (D), who noted that many supporters of the measure have died waiting for it to be passed into law. Senate File 506 is referred to as The Compassionate Use of Cannabis Act. The bipartisan measure was supported by 25 Republicans (4 opposed), 19 Democrats (one opposed) and the only independent.

“Let’s do the right thing for the people out there who are suffering,” said Senator Brad Zaun (R). The proposed law allows up to 12 licensed medical cannabis dispensaries to begin operating by July, 2018. Those interested in running a business would need to pay a non-refundable $15,000 fee.

Conditions covered under Senate File 506 includes HIV/AIDS, epilepsy, cancer, glaucoma, Crohn’s disease, ALS, Tourette’s syndrome, cancer and others. An advisory board made up of nine health care professions and three patients would be given the authority to consider adding new medical conditions.

“I think this bill strikes the right balance,” says Senator Charles Schneider (R). “It’s not a perfect bill, but I think it’s a good start.”

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

(Why?)

Published at Tue, 18 Apr 2017 16:23:35 +0000

Top 5 Cannabis Strains For Nausea

Top 5 Cannabis Strains For Nausea

Top 5 Cannabis Strains For Nausea

cannabis for nausea

Using cannabis to treat nausea is one of the most well-documented and established cases of the plant’s medical use. Whether it’s morning sickness from pregnancy or nausea from chemotherapy treatment, cannabis is an effective, natural treatment that can instantly make you feel better.

Common medications prescribed to treat nausea, such as ondanestron, metoclopramide, and promethazine can cause serious side effects. These include dizziness, increased heartbeat, shortness of breath, headaches, fever, and weakness. Promethazine has been known to cause involuntary twitching throughout the body. Taking too much metoclopramide can even contribute to heart failure and nerve damage. Patients no longer need to worry about any side effects when using cannabis for nausea – it will even make you feel good!

Vomiting and nausea are common side effects of medications, or they can also be symptoms of an underlying disease. This is why cannabis should be included in every first-aid kit. Both THC and CBD have valuable properties that can provide quick relief from nausea. Smoking or vaping cannabis is the fastest way to obtain relief from nausea. Consuming edibles isn’t recommended for this medical use since this method takes 30-45 minutes to take effect.

Medical cannabis is also used to prevent motion sickness, because the most common side effects of motion sickness are nausea and vomiting. Individuals who are prone to experiencing motion sickness can also benefit from medicating before boarding without worrying about harmful side effects. Dymenhydrinate is commonly prescribed to treat motion sickness although it has extreme side effects including loss of consciousness or seizures. Medical cannabis is a perfectly safe alternative.

If you are looking to use cannabis to treat nausea, check out these top strains which are known for their efficacy in treating nausea:

OG KUSH

  • OG Kush is a potent high THC strain; OG Kush delivers a uplifting and euphoric high that can ease nausea and vomiting. OG Kush is an excellent strain for those suffering from terminal diseases and depression because it’s one of the most popular happiness-inducing strains around. Depending where you source your cannabis, the OG Kush you get can have stronger indica or sativa effects. OG Kush has a more cerebral hit and is excellent for evening use.

JACK HERER STRAIN

  • Jack Herer has gained recognition among patients because of its numerous medical applications. In fact during the mid 1990’s this strain was sold by Dutch pharmacies because it was recognized as a top-shelf medical-grade strain. It’s a potent sativa that will give you a clear-headed and delicious high which is perfect for daytime use. Jack Herer is known for its appetite-inducing benefits as well, which is why it’s also widely used by cancer patients.

NYC DIESEL STRAIN

  • NYC Diesel is widely recognized for its many medical uses, especially for nausea. This strain has garnered international recognition and has even won 9 Cannabis Cup Awards. NYC Diesel delivers a strong, energizing high loved by patients for daytime use. If you are also suffering from body aches and depression, NYC Diesel is highly recommended. This strain is also beneficial in stimulating appetite among chemotherapy patients who have a difficult time keeping food down or have completely lost their appetite as a side effect.

CHEMDAWG

  • Chemdawg is consistently placed in the cannabis hall of fame thanks to the many crosses that it’s produced. Chemdawg is also a popular choice among patients because it delivers fast-acting relief from nausea and vomiting. This strain is recommended for individuals with previous experience using cannabis since it’s pretty potent. Chemdawg delivers a cerebral high together with a heavy-bodied sensation. Users have also reported that Chemdawg does a fantastic job of relaxing the entire body without the couchlock. Because of its excellent cerebral high, Chemdawg is a good choice for medical users.

BERRY WHITE STRAIN

  • Berry White, also known as White Berry and Blue Widow, is an indica dominant strain. Medical patients suffering from nausea love the uplifting and happy high that Berry White gives, which makes it easier to cope with conditions that may trigger nausea. One of the best characteristics of this strain is that it has minimal side effects except for a mild case of cotton mouth and dry eyes, which can easily be remedied. Berry White is a good choice for depression and insomnia, and also makes a terrific choice for evening medication.

What strains have you used to treat nausea? Share with us in the comments below!

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Published at Mon, 17 Apr 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Oregon To Destroy All Cannabis Records So The Feds Can't Get Them

Oregon To Destroy All Cannabis Records So The Feds Can't Get Them

Oregon To Destroy All Cannabis Records So The Feds Can’t Get Them

oregon cannabis records

Dreading and preparing for the possibility that the feds might amp up on pot enforcement, Oregon’s politicians approved a proposal last Monday that ensures the protection of marijuana users. The proposal prevents head shops and dispensaries from revealing the identities of consumers as well as their consumption and purchasing habits, especially since some shops make it as easy to buy cannabis products as it were to purchase liquor.

The proposal aims to eliminate a business practice in Oregon where dispensaries store a digital trail with personal information of recreational pot users. The information they store includes the customers’ names, addresses, birthdates and other information obtained from any ID they present upon arrival to the shop to prove they are of age – such as passports and driver’s licenses.

The data is collected without the consent of customers, and is stored by businesses with the intention of using it for customer service or marketing purposes. For example, certain marijuana shops link a customer’s driver’s license number with each cannabis product purchased, so for the customer’s future visits the shop employees already have their consumer behavior and purchase history on file.

The proposal was approved overwhelmingly with a 53-5 vote. It’s now in the hands of Democratic Gov. Kate Brown who they expect will approve it into a law. The approval of this proposal would align Oregon’s laws with similar measures already in place in Colorado and Alaska, as well as industry standards in Washington. “Given the immediate privacy issues … this is a good bill protecting the privacy of Oregonians choosing to purchase marijuana,” says Oregon state Rep. Carl Wilson, a Republican. Rep. Wilson also helped sponsor the bill.

CANNABIS PLANT DATA

Once the proposal becomes a law, Oregon’s marijuana shops will be given 30 day’s notice to get rid of all customer data in their database. The practice would also be prohibited in the future, so shops would no longer ever be able to store such records again. However, recreational users have the option to sign up to dispensary email lists if they want to be notified of promos and discounts the stores are offering. The ruling does not apply to medical marijuana patients, whose records will still be kept by shop owners.

The move from Oregon was one of the first as a response to the confusing signals sent by the current administration about their stance on marijuana prohibition. Pot is already legal for recreational use in 8 states including Washington DC, while its use is legal medically for more than half of the states.

White House spokesman Sean Spicer is responsible for rocking the boat late February when he mentioned a possible crackdown on recreational pot. A few weeks later, US Attorney General Jeff Sessions also said that that medical pot use has been “hyped, maybe too much” and is “only slightly less awful” compared to heroin. President Trump though has mentioned in the past that states will be given full discretion to handle their own marijuana laws.

Despite all the instability, heat from the feds definitely poses a serious problem in states like Oregon where the medical and recreational marijuana industries are tied together. Colorado lawmakers are deliberating on a new strategy for marijuana growers as well as retailers so that they can reclassify the recreational pot use as medical pot.

MAP OF STATES MARIJUANA STRAINS

Governors of Oregon together with Colorado, Alaska, and Washington requested for clarification last Monday regarding the administration’s stance on marijuana policy sent in a letter to US Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin. Both clearly indicated that marijuana enforcement wasn’t a priority during the Obama’s administration. Two days after, Sessions released a memo to over 90 attorneys saying that the DOJ will consider marijuana as part of a wider-scale crime reduction strategy during the summer.

On the other hand, Congress is preparing for April 28 when the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment will expire, together with the funding for the federal government. The amendment has been critical in preventing fed money from being a resource to interfere with state medical cannabis laws for 3 years now. “It’s pretty clear the (marijuana) prohibition has not worked,” US Rep Earl Blumenauer tells the Associated Press. “These questions are to be expected and they need to be dealt with, but it’s hard to envision going back.”

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Published at Sun, 16 Apr 2017 05:00:00 +0000

Can't Get Any Cannabis? Try These Supercharged Greens Instead

Can't Get Any Cannabis? Try These Supercharged Greens Instead

Supercharge Your Diet By Consuming These Plants That Also Contain Cannabinoids and Terpenes

green veggies

If there was one diet in the world that can supercharge your endocannabinoid system, clearly it would be one that’s high in cannabinoids. But when it comes to the healthiest and most useful plant in the world, cannabis takes all the credit – rightfully.

While no other plant contains as much cannabinoids and valuable terpenes as cannabis, there are also others out there that have their own useful medicinal properties that can supplement your diet while keeping you strong and healthy. The biochemical in these plants still can’t hold a candle to how cannabis affects your body positively, but they are worth having in your home because they have a positive impact on the endocannabinoid system.

If Hippocrates was alive today, he’d tell you to keep these plants and herbs in your home; take them regularly with cannabis, and reduce your risk for getting sick.

Echinacea

Echinacea has numerous medicinal properties which is why it’s a common medicine cabinet staple, but I bet you didn’t know that it also contains cannabinoids. This herb is useful in preventing colds, fighting anxiety, treating migraines and arthritis, preventing herpes outbreaks, as well as many other conditions. Guess what – these conditions are also commonly treated with cannabis! Certain varieties of the Echinacea plant contain cannabinoids known as the lipophilic alkamides. Scientists have been able to find 25 different alkamides some of which have affinities to the CB2 receptors.  Other kinds of Echinacea species contain cannabinoids that are found throughout the plant although in most cases they are concentrated in the flowers and the roots.

Kava

Kava is a popular natural remedy for its calming and anti-anxiety properties. Kava root has long been used by Pacific islanders, who use its roots to concoct a medicinal drink. The Pacific islanders drink kava for its euphoric, sedative, and pain-killing properties thanks to the compounds in the plants called kavalactones. Yangonin, one of the kavalactones, works with the CB1 receptor which is the same binding location for the THC and most effective for treating disorders of the nervous system. This can explain why Kava is a beneficial natural anxiolytic.

Japanese and New Zealand Liverwort

Scientists found that Japanese and New Zealand varieties of liverwort produce a chemical similar to THC, known as the perrottetinene and perrottetinene acids, respectively. Research shows that perrottetinene can interact with the endocannabinoid system in a similar way that cannabis does. These compounds found in both varieties of liverwort are capable of engaging the CB1 receptor in the way THC does in particular.

Rosemary

Rosemary, as well as sage, parsley, black pepper and cannabis, contain beta-carophyllene (BCP) which is a kind of terpene that works in the same way that a cannabinoid does. Terpenes are responsible for giving the cannabis plant its distinct aroma, the same way it works with rosemary and black pepper. This is why these three herbs all have a similar peppery smell. BCP is valuable for its anti-inflammatory properties so if you are prone to, already diagnosed with, or would like to prevent conditions caused by inflammation, it would be ideal to consume a diet high BCP plants such as cannabis and the aforementioned herbs.

Maca

While many plants have cannabinoids that function like THC in the body, others have compounds that work similar to CBD such as maca. Maca, a relative of the radish and a food commonly grown and consumed by locals living in the high Andes regions, contains compounds known as N-benzylamines which inhibit the work of an enzyme which breaks down endocannabinoids in the body, known as the enzyme FAAH. This is beneficial because when the enzyme FAAh is blocked this is useful in stabilizing one’s mood, increasing your immune system, and overall strengthening the endocannabinoid system.

Hops

A major terpene found in cannabis and Hops essential oil is known as myrcene. While myrcene doesn’t interact directly with the cannabinoid receptors in the way cannabis does, this terpene is useful in altering the effect of THC on the nervous system. Cannabis strains that contain high levels of myrcene are those that induce the “couch lock” feeling because of its sedative properties. Hop oil has the highest concentration of myrcenes and as much as 80% in other fruits and plants such as lemongrass, mangoes, verbena, and thyme.

Frankincense

Frankincense has almost the same effects on the human body as cannabis. When consumed (usually through essential oil), Frankincense acts as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and antioxidant. Boswellia extract, the tree from which Frankincense is derived, also contains important bioactive components and anti-inflammatory properties.

Do you already take supplements of these valuable plants and herbs? Share with us in the comments below

 

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Published at Sat, 15 Apr 2017 05:00:00 +0000

A Look at How Canada’s Marijuana Legalization Plan Compares to Legalization in the U.S. and Uruguay

A Look at How Canada’s Marijuana Legalization Plan Compares to Legalization in the U.S. and Uruguay

Today the Canadian government released their plan to legalize marijuana by July, 2018. How does this plan compare to Uruguay and the states in the U.S. that have already legalized?

In the U.S., eight states have legalized marijuana for recreational purposes. Uruguay, which legalized cannabis in 2013, remains the only country to legalize the plant federally. Canada’s government seeks to change this, however, with their newly-released plan to legalize by next year.

Below is a look at the differences and similarities between the laws in Uruguay and the U.S., and the law being proposed in Canada:

Possession Limits:

U.S.:

Seven of the eight states with legal cannabis allow up to an ounce (28 grams), with Maine allowing up to 2.5 ounces.

Canada:

The plan put forth by Canada’s Liberal Party would allow for possession of up to 30 grams.

Uruguay:

Uruguay allows possession of up to 40 grams within a one-month period.

Cultivation Limits

U.S.:

Seven of the eight legal cannabis states allow personal cultivation in a private residence, with the limit ranging from four to six plants. Washington is the only state that allows absolutely no home growing.

Canada:

Canada’s plan would allow for up to four plants to be cultivated, with localities allowed to set their own limits.

Uruguay:

Uruguay’s law allows cultivation of up to six plants, with an allowed yield of up to 480 grams annually.

Marijuana Stores

U.S.:

All eight marijuana states have established a licensed system of regulated cannabis retail outlets. Although the regulations vary slightly from state-to-state, marijuana stores is a commonality among all of them.

Canada:

Licensed and regulated marijuana retail outlets would also be allowed under Canada’s plan. Much of the exact regulations have yet to be determined, but what is known is that Canadian adults will be able to buy cannabis from a retail outlet once the system is up and running.

Uruguay:

Uruguay allows marijuana to be sold through pharmacies; such sales are expected to begin this July, exactly a year before sales in Canada are expected to start.

Age Limit:

U.S.:

All eight legal marijuana states have the age limit set at 21.

Canada:

Canada’s plan would legalize marijuana for those 18 and older.

Uruguay:

Uruguay allows recreational marijuana for those 18 and older.

Driving Laws

U.S.:

Seven of the eight states with legal cannabis have proven impairment as a necessity for issuing a DUID (driving under the influence of drugs) for marijuana. However, Washington has a 5 ng/ml THC limit, meaning those with at least 5 nanograms of THC per milliliter of blood are guilty of a DUID regardless of impairment or how long ago the person last consumed cannabis.

Canada:

Unfortunately Canada’s plan falls in line with Washington, with a 5 ng/ml THC limit set for serious driving offenses. Those with less than 5 ng/ml, but more than 2 ng/ml, would still face a fine.

Uruguay:

Uruguay’s law requires proof of impairment.

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

(Why?)

Published at Thu, 13 Apr 2017 22:55:19 +0000

Canada unveils official marijuana legalization plan

Canada unveils official marijuana legalization plan

Canada is advancing plans to become the first Group of Seven nation to legalize recreational marijuana nationally, but Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is keeping key details hazy and allowing arrests to continue while parliament debates his plan.

Trudeau’s justice minister introduced proposed laws Thursday in the Ottawa legislature that set a minimum consumption age of 18, with individual provinces allowed to raise it as they see fit. Rules on retail sales will also be left to the provinces, with the government targeting legalization by July 2018 for a market analysts estimate to reach C$6 billion ($4.5 billion) by 2021. Shares of marijuana producers like Canopy Growth Corp. and Aurora Cannabis Inc. have surged more than fourfold over the past 12 months despite warnings that the legislative process could drag on.

Under the proposed bills, possession of up to 30 grams of cannabis would be allowed, and up to four plants can be grown per residence. Exports of marijuana will remain a serious criminal offense and a new penalty for those convicted of impaired driving will be imposed.

Until the new laws pass, Canada’s approach remains strict. Companies producing medical marijuana face costly security rules while police continue to raid pot shops springing up in anticipation of legalization. It’s prompted criticism that Trudeau — who is 45 and has admitted to smoking marijuana himself — is moving too slowly.

“This legalization is not legalization at all,” said Jodie Emery, a prominent activist who was arrested last month along with husband Marc Emery, Canada’s self-styled “prince of pot.” They were charged with trafficking, conspiracy and other offenses related to marijuana raids. “These regulations and restrictions the Liberals are introducing are designed to be a new prohibition,” she said.

Trudeau’s proposal — expanding on medical marijuana, which is already legal in Canada — is expected to spur merger activity and insiders at Canopy and Aurora are already taking profits. The governing Liberals have a majority in the House of Commons that will all but guarantee the legislation’s passage. The country’s Senate typically rubber-stamps legislation, though has grown more unpredictable since measures by Trudeau boosted its independence.

The proposed laws come after a federal task force recommended leaving key details, such as distribution and the legal age, up to individual provinces. The panel, which studied legalization efforts in Uruguay and individual U.S. states, also recommended barring elaborate packaging. Under the legislation introduced Thursday, packaging rules bar anything appealing to young people and prohibit the use of “testimonial or endorsement.”

Granger Avery, a physician who is president of the Canadian Medical Association, had urged a minimum age of 21, and restrictions on marijuana potency until age 25, when the human brain typically is fully developed. Avery also called on Trudeau to pour money into marijuana research and education aimed at, for instance, encouraging pregnant women not to smoke pot.

“It’s really about protecting the vulnerable populations,” Avery said. “We just need to make sure the public health perspectives, the research, the education and the protection for vulnerable populations and treatment programs are available and funded.”

Trudeau’s Liberals have been criticized for continuing to enforce marijuana laws over years while they arrange legalization. “Canadians, especially young Canadians, continue to face charges for something that will soon be legal,” Alistair MacGregor, a lawmaker with the opposition New Democratic Party lawmaker, said this week.

Others warn the measures go against Trudeau’s key objectives of reducing the access young people have, and diverting marijuana revenue from criminal groups.

“You don’t reduce harms caused by a drug by dramatically expanding availability for the target audience,” said Robert Solomon, a professor of law at Western University in London, Ontario and director of legal policy for Mothers Against Drunk Driving Canada. “The federal framework is long on legalization, short on regulation. It’s dumping all the heavy lifting in terms of regulation onto the provinces.”

Trudeau campaigned in 2015 on legalizing consumption and incidental possession, while toughening penalties for providing marijuana to minors, driving while under the influence and selling it outside the new system.

It’s led to complaints from advocates Trudeau’s system is being set up to favor the licensed producers, some of which have ties to the ruling Liberal Party. Emery, the activist, says she didn’t think the legalized market would be revolutionary.

“I anticipate a lot of talk, a lot of discussion, but not much change with respect to the on-the-ground experience,” she said. “Which is that marijuana users know where to get marijuana, they don’t trust government or stock-market pot, and they never will.”

(Why?)

Published at Thu, 13 Apr 2017 16:51:06 +0000